2009 AIMBE Award for Discovery of
MRI to Raymond Damadian, M. D., Founder/FONAR
NEW YORK, February 24, 2009 - FONAR Corporation (NASDAQ-FONR),
The Inventor of MR Scanning™, reported today that Raymond
V. Damadian, M.D., founder and president of FONAR Corporation,
received the 2009 Honorary Fellow Award from the American Institute
for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE) for his discovery
of MRI. The AIMBE Award was presented at the annual meeting of
AIMBE, held February 11-13 in Washington, D.C.
AIMBE (www.aimbe.org) was founded in 1991 to establish
a clear and comprehensive identity for the field of medical
and biological engineering – which is the bridge between
the principles of engineering science and practice, and the
problems and issues of biological and medical science and practice.
Representing over 75,000 bioengineers, AIMBE serves and coordinates
a broad constituency of medical and biological scientists and
practitioners, scientific and engineering societies, academic
departments and industries.
The 2009 AIMBE Honorary Fellow Award was accompanied
with the following citation:
Honorary Fellow Awards are given to individuals who have made
outstanding contributions to medical and biological engineering
through scientific, educational, governmental, financial or
industrial organizations. This award is not presented to individuals
who have already been named to the College of Fellows by regular
RAYMOND DAMADIAN, M.D.
RECIPIENT OF THE 2009 AIMBE HONORARY FELLOW AWARD
In 1970, Raymond Damadian, M.D., made the discovery that is
the basis for magnetic resonance (MR) scanning that there is
a marked difference in relaxation times between normal and abnormal
tissues of the same type, as well as between different types
of normal tissues. This seminal discovery, which remains the
basis for the making of every MRI image ever produced, is the
foundation of the MRI industry. Dr. Damadian published his discovery
in his milestone 1971 paper in the journal Science (Science
171:1151, 1971) and filed the pioneer patent for the practical
use of his discovery in 1972.
The MRI scanner uses these relaxation differences
in diseased tissues such as cancer and in normal tissues to
supply and control the brightness of the pixels that comprise
the MRI image. These relaxation differences, which do not exist
in any other imaging modality, provide the exceptional contrast
and beauty found only in MRI images (10 to 30 times that of
x-ray). The significance and importance of Dr. Damadian’s
discovery in the origination of MRI was acknowledged by the
U.S. Supreme Court in its 1997 decision, when the Court enforced
Dr. Damadian’s original patent (U.S. Patent #3,789,832)
that patented the relaxation differences and their use in scanning.
With the aid of his post-graduate assistants,
Doctors Lawrence Minkoff and Michael Goldsmith, Dr. Damadian
went on to build Indomitable, the first MR scanner, which was
conceived to take advantage of the relaxation differences among
the body’s tissues. Indomitable produced the first human
image, that of Dr. Minkoff’s
chest, on July 3, 1977 and the first scans of patients with
cancer in 1978. Indomitable has since assumed its rightful place
in the Smithsonian Institute.
FONAR was incorporated in 1978, making it the
first, oldest and most experienced MR manufacturer in the industry.
FONAR introduced the world’s first commercial MRI (a whole-body
MRI scanner) in 1980, and went public in 1981.
In 1982, FONAR introduced its patented iron-core
technology, which is the basis for all Open MRI scanners. In
1984, the company invented Oblique Imaging, providing medical
technology the means to produce multiple images “at any
angle,” which was never before possible in medical imaging.
In 1985, the Multi-Angle Oblique (MAO) scanning
protocol, an innovative, dramatic extension of FONAR’s
Oblique Imaging was invented and patented.
In 1985, the FONAR MRI scanner at the UCLA Medical
Center became the world’s first MRI in which an interventional
surgical procedure was performed. That same year FONAR introduced
the world’s first mobile MRI.
In 1988, Dr. Damadian was awarded the National
Medal of Technology by President Ronald Reagan, which he shared
jointly with Dr. Lauterbur, for “their independent contributions
in conceiving and developing the application of magnetic resonance
technology to medical uses, including whole-body scanning and
diagnostic imaging.” Less than one year later, Dr. Damadian
was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame of the
United States Patent Office for his pioneer patent of MR scanning,
joining a select group of renowned pioneers, including Orville
and Wilbur Wright, Henry Ford, Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham
Bell, whose inventions have revolutionized our nation and society.
More information about this prestigious award
can be found at www.fonar.com/pdf/AIMBE_award.pdf
UPRIGHT® and STAND-UP® are
registered trademarks and The Inventor of MR Scanning™,
Full Range of Motion™, pMRI™, Dynamic™, Multi-Position™,
True Flow™, The Proof is in the Picture™, Spondylography™ and
Spondylometry™ are trademarks of FONAR Corporation.