Alfred Nobel's Will
Alfred Nobel's Will required that the Nobel Prize in Medicine
or Physiology be given for "discovery" only. This
is different than the Nobel Prize in Physics which is given
for "discovery or invention" and the Nobel Prize
in Chemistry which is given for "discovery or improvement"
Below is the exact wording of part of the translation into
English of Alfred Nobel's will, which was signed in Paris
on 27 November 1895.
"The whole of my remaining realizable estate shall be
dealt with in the following way: The capital shall be invested
by my executors in safe securities and shall constitute a
fund, the interest on which shall be annually distributed
in the form of prizes to those who, during the preceding year,
shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind ... ;
one part to the person who shall have made the most important
discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine; ...
The prizes for ... shall be awarded by ... that for physiology
or medicine by the Carolinska Institute in Stockholm; ...